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social work is evangelical work | Caring Magazine

In The Salvation Army, social work is evangelical work

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‘Whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers and sisters of mine, you did for me’ (Matt. 25:40).

In the eyes of the general public around most of the world, The Salvation Army’s social outreach is readily recognized and affirmed. At the heart of this compassionate ministry is the cherished belief that in reaching out to the hungry, thirsty, lonely, naked, sick and imprisoned, we are actually reaching out to Christ himself. 

Salvationists see Jesus in the homeless dormitory, in the rehabilitation center, in the hospital ward and in the refugee shelter. The international Salvation Army has innumerable social service programs reaching out to the poor and disenfranchised of the world. The list is seemingly limitless in character and scope, including schools for the blind in Africa, orphanages in South America, suicide prevention efforts in Australia, soup kitchens in India, ministry with trafficked women in Europe and day care centers for children in North America.

This diversity is an expression of the one holistic gospel in which The Salvation Army so passionately believes. The spiritual and social aspects of the Christian gospel combine to form an integrated, or total, ministry. We perceive it artificial and unscriptural to separate the two. 

Giving a cup of hot chocolate to a shivering fireman can be a powerful spiritual experience. Military veterans who received a doughnut amid the horrors of warfare testify to the love of God experienced in that simple action.

General Frederick Coutts describes this holistic concept of social work and evangelical work: “It is not that these are two distinct entities which could operate one without the other. They are but two activities of the one and the same salvation which is concerned with the total redemption of man. Both rely upon the same grace; both are inspired with the same motive; both have the same end in mind. And as the gospel has joined them together, we do not propose to put them asunder.”

The founding days of The Salvation Army saw rapid and practical responses to the poverty of Victorian England. “Soup, soap and salvation” became the catchphrase. The consistent and effective social ministry of The Salvation Army eventually changed the tide of public opinion from hostility to admiration.

Founder William Booth‘s 1890 book, “In Darkest England And The Way Out,” is regarded as a landmark publication in the articulation of Salvation Army relief work. It resulted in homes for single mothers, orphanages for abandoned children, farm colonies for unemployed men and the ministry of “Slum Sisters,” quietly working in city ghettos tending the sick, cleaning the streets, homes and cooking meals.

Upon seeing homeless men sleeping under London Bridge, Booth instructed his son, Bramwell to “Do something!” Ever since, Salvationists have felt compelled to respond in practical ways. The essential social program of each Salvation Army unit today is simply to serve suffering humanity.

This social outreach is not distinct to evangelism; not a means of evangelism; not as manipulation for evangelism later on, but social action with evangelism.

General Eva Burrows once recalled an African student who commented on the parable of the Good Samaritan: “In the story you have the robber who does bad, you have the Samaritan who does good and you have the religious people who do nothing.” Salvationists are religious people who “do something.”


Do Good:

  • Discover more of The Salvation Army’s story in transforming lives since its founding in 1865. 
  • See how you can get involved in the Fight for Good with The Salvation Army. 
  • Did you know The Salvation Army served more than 23 million Americans last year fighting hunger, homelessness, substance abuse and more—all in a fight for good? Where can you help? Take our quiz to find your cause and learn how you can join in today. 
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